Penetration tests are cyber-attacks by white-hat hackers using common criminal tactics to infiltrate an organization, using existing security weaknesses to potentially gain access to systems, networks, and even individual workstations and security appliances. The process then reviews these findings and provides recommendations on how to resolve vulnerabilities and mitigate future risk.
The deep web is anything accessible online that isn’t indexed by traditional search engines. The dark web is a subset of the deep web, which is accessible only through specific browsers connected to Tor servers. Through virtual private networks and other concealment techniques, bad actors utilize anonymity on the dark web to engage in illicit activity. This cyber black market allows almost anyone to buy and sell stolen credentials, download hacking software, and trade other illegal goods and services.